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题名: Analysis Of The EcoNOmic Potential Of Solar Thermal Energy To Provide Industrial Process Heat. Final Report, Volume I. [In-Depth Analysis Of 78 Industries]
URL: http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7096290
语种: 英文 国家: 美国
中文关键词: 经济潜力,太阳能热利用,工业用热 英文关键词: Economic Potential,Solar Thermal Energy,Industrial Process Heat
资源类型: 研究报告 资源内容类型: 研究报告-数据库报告
报告来源: Office of Scientific & Technical Information 权限: 免费

Analysis Of The EcoNOmic Potential Of Solar Thermal Energy To Provide Industrial Process Heat. Final Report, Volume I. [In-Depth Analysis Of 78 Industries]

2015-03-12    浏览次数(32018)

  The process heat data base assembled as the result of this survey includes specific process applications from 78 four-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) groups. These applications account for the consumption of 9.81 quadrillion Btu in 1974, about 59 percent of the 16.6 quadrillion Btu estimated to have been used for all process heat in 1974. About 7/sup 1///sub 2/ percent of industrial process heat is used below 212/sup 0/F (100/sup 0/C), and 28 percent below 550/sup 0/F (288/sup 0/C). In this study, the quantitative assessment of the potential of solar thermal energy systems to provide industrial process heat indicates that solar energy has a maximum potential to provide 0.6 quadrillion Btu per year in 1985, and 7.3 quadrillion Btu per year in 2000, in economic competition with the projected costs of conventional fossil fuels for applications having a maximum required temperature of 550/sup 0/ (288/sup 0/C). A wide variety of collector types were compared for performance and cost characteristics. Performance calculations were carried out for a baseline solar system providing hot water in representative cities in six geographical regions within the U.S. Specific industries that should have significant potential for solar process heat for a variety of reasons include food, textiles, chemicals, and primary metals. Lumber and wood products, and paper and allied products also appear to have significant potential. However, good potential applications for solar process heat can be found across the board throughout industry. Finally, an assessment of nontechnical issues that may influence the use of solar process heat in industry showed that the most important issues are the establishment of solar rights, standardization and certification for solar components and systems, and resolution of certain labor-related issues. (Volume 1 of 3 volumes.)
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